Starting 1st. September 2014, you can apply for Myanmar e-visa online through Myanmar Government website. Payment can be made online using a credit card. Acknowledgement will be sent to the applicant's email, and the process will take up to 5 working days.
A passport with at least six months validity, and an entry visa is required for all visitors to Myanmar. Basically, there are four types of visa issued by Myanmar embassies and consulates: Tourist Visa, Social Visit Visa, Business Visa, and Meditation Visa.
You can enter Myanmar through either Yangon or Mandalay International airports. However, Myanmar immigration requires you to leave the country at the same port of entry. Another way to enter Myanmar is through Myanmar-China border, or Myanmar-Thailand border. Overland entry is permitted to China and Thai nationals at their respective border points with border pass. Third party tourists from other countries require a valid passport with a Tourist Visa (Package Tour) and must be picked up at the border point by their tour operators.
For official updates, please refer to Ministry of Foreign Affairs Website: http://www.mofa.gov.mm
Tourist visa is valid for a stay of 28 days, and it is valid for 3 months from the date of issue.
Tourist visa cannot be extended or renewed. The two sub-categories of tourist visa are Foreign Independent Travel (FIT) and Package Tour Group (EVT).
Package Tour Group requires a letter of invitation from a registered tour company, such as Asia Pearl Travels.
Ex-Myanmar citizens and immediate family members are eligible for a single entry Social Visit Visa valid for a stay of 28 days.
Social Visit Visa is extendable at the Immigration Department in Yangon for 3 months, and it is possible to extend further.
Your second extension of the Social Visit Visa will be valid for an another 3 months. As of early 2012, division level immigration is issuing subsequent extensions 3 months at a time instead of 1 year.
Please note that after change in government in 2011 with more authorities given to the local and division levels, there are now more application steps.
First, you must get necessary paper from your neighborhood Council "Yut-Kwat". With the recommendation from "Yut-Kwat" in a standard form, get the paper work done at the Township ( Myo Nare) level.
In addition, you must now go to Regional District ( Khayaing ) and Division ( tine ) to submit Form-C and Stay Extension Documents. Be sure to get your file number and note down the date of submission.
Keep photo copies of your original Form-C application at the Regional District office if you plan on making further extensions, as it must be attached in subsequent applications.
Processing time at Division level immigration department (now located at former parliament building) will take about a week from the day you get your file number. If your visa should expire prior to the completion of this process, you will NOT be fined for visa overstay, provided that your visa is still valid at the time you get your file number.
Finally, go to the immigration office on Pan-Soe Dan Road. You must submit additional two photos, and fill up more forms. Bring photocopies of necessary documents and your passport. It would be a good idea to make your first trip there for inquiries and to get the forms.
If you arrive to the office around 10:30 AM, you should get your visa sticker in the afternoon. Do not go so early. Office work usually starts around 10 AM.
Finally, make your payment in dollar or FEC.
You can expect the whole process to take anywhere from 2 weeks to 3 weeks depending on the workload at each department. Be prepared to spend about 30,000 kyats for each extension plus the extension fee, which is not much compared to other countries.
Latest: The immigration department has planned to issue On arrival Business Visa that allows 70 days stay starting June 1st, 2012. The application fee is USD 40.
Business Visa is valid for a stay of 10 weeks, extendable up to 12 months on case-by case basis.
Business travelers who enter Myanmar frequently (3 or more times in a year) could take advantage of the Multiple Journey Entry Business Visa (MJEV), which may be obtained at the discretion of the embassy official.
First time visitors are not eligible to apply MJEV.
Myanmar is the only country in the world to issue a type of visa called Meditation Visa, which is valid for a 3 months stay.
Original sponsor letter from the meditation Center/Monastery/ Venerable Sayadaw in Myanmar is required.
The answer is no, the 28-days stay does not fall within those 3 months. You can enter Myanmar any time before the date
of your visa expiration date. The Immigration at the airport will stamp a 28-day stay from the date of your arrival.
But, why wait till the last minute?