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The Free Online Burmese Lessons
Learn Myanmar Language, History & Culture

Learn Myanmar Language in conversational and literary form. Learn to speak and read Burmese. The Free Online Colloquial Burmese (Myanmar language) lessons include Burmese script, MP3 audio, PDF files and easy Burmese grammar study materials with color-coded parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, conjunctions, particles, postpositional markers, and interjections.

Naing Tinnyuntpu Naing Tinnyuntpu is no stranger to systematic and efficient approach. He came from manufacturing environment with Bachelor's and Master's degree in Industrial Engineering (USA). His contributions to semiconductor industry include Administrative Quality Best Practices during his working years as a process engineer with Hewlett-Packard in Singapore. Born and raised in Yangon, he has lived in 6 countries and exposed to different cultures and knowledgeable in unrelated areas. This includes self-taught programming languages. Currently, he is contributing to Tourism in Myanmar by making his online Burmese lessons freely available and accessible to all.


TONE REFERENCE TABLE
Audio Pronunciation
Ah1 "a" in "art" with silent "rt"
Ah2 "ar" in "Argentina" with silent "r"
Ah3 "ar" in "Artist" with slilent "r"
De1 "de" in "deep" with silent "p"
De2 "de" as in "demote"; "demand"
De3 "dee" as in "deer"; "decent"
Ko1 "colt" with silent "lt"
Ko2 as in "co-author"; "cocaine"
Ko3 "cold" wit silent "ld"
Yu1 "u" in "Youth" with silent "th"
Yu2 "u" as in "university"; "utensil"
Yu3 "u" as in "user"; "Unix"
Shan1 as in "shunt" with silent "t"
Shan2 "shun" as in "chandelier"
Shan3 as in "shun"
Au1 as in "auction"
Au2 as in "Australia";"auditor"
Au3 as in "August"
May1 "maize" with silent "ze"
May2 "may" as in "May I?"
May3 "ay" in "amazing"
Sin1 "sink" with silent "k"
Sin2 "sin" as in "sincerely"
Sin3 "sin" as in "sinful"; "Singapore"
Un1 "aunt" with silent "t"
Un2 "un" in "understanding"; "umbrella"
Un3 "un" as in "under"
Meare1 "melt" with silent "lt"
Meare2 "mel" in "Melbourne" with silent "l"
Meare3 "mare" of "nightmare"
Tain1 "taint" with silent "t"
Tain2 "tain" as in "Captain"
Tain3 "tain" as in "maintain"
Bine1 "Bryant" without "r"
Bine2 as in "carbine"
Bine3 as in "combine"
Dome1 as in "don't"
Dome2 close to "dominate"
Dome3 as in "dome"
Toon1 "doont" in "couldn't"
Toon2 "mon" in "monastery"
Toon3 "oon" as in "cartoon"
Koun1 "count" with silent "t"
Koun2 "coun" in "counter-strike"
Koun3 "coun" as in "counsel"
ate cake, jade, eight, paid, bake
et wet, set, mad, yet
oot cook, put, look
out out, south, mouse, doubt
ike/ite sight, pipe, night, dice, like
ut up, nut, sucks
oat oat, coat, goat, soak
it it, pit, sit
Read this page with Myanmar Script

Standard Bathroom Amenities in Burmese

bathroom

Lesson 25: Something in the bedroom doesn't work

Can you guess what "bedroom" is called in Burmese? The Burmese word for bedroom doesn't contain the word "bed" at all. In direct translation, it is called "sleep room". ate khan3 means bedroom, where ate means "to sleep", and khan3 refers to a room.

But, don't worry. I can guarantee you, all hotels, and even low budget "guest houses" in Myanmar will have a bed for you to sleep on. Below is the photo of one quite decent hotel room in Myanmar and some new vocabularies.

In the Bedroom

I want a room with bathroom attached

Here's another good news. Most decent hotels in Myanmar will have someone who knows some English, so they should be able to understand what a bedroom with bathroom attached means. But, if you want to show off your Burmese speaking skills, I can help you a bit on that area.

yay2-cho3 khan3 -- bathroom
pa2 -- come with
deare1 -- the one which is
a-khan3 -- a room
lo2 chin2 deare2 -- I want ( need + want + affirmation)

yay2-cho3 khan3 pa2 deare1 a-khan3 lo2 chin2 deare2 -- I want a room with bathroom attached.

Alternatively, you can also say,

yay2-cho3 khan3 -- bathroom
neare1 -- with
a-khan3 -- a room
lo2 chin2 deare2 -- I want ( need + want + affirmation)

yay2-cho3 khan3 neare1 a-khan3 lo2 chin2 deare2 -- I want a room with bathroom attached.

Of course, you can always substitute bathroom with some other nouns such as eare3 koon2 (air-conditioner), mini-bar, IDD phone, Internet connection, and so on.

How many?

Back in lesson 19, we have learned to say, "how many children do you have?" In Burmese phrases, "how many" is always accompanied by "measure words". The sentence will have the format:

beare2 hna1 xxxx yyyy, where xxxx is the measure word and yyyy is needed to complete the sentence. Measure word xxxx examples are shown below without yyyy. Those are not complete sentences yet.

beare2 hna1 lone3 -- "how many" for items with round shapes such as fruits and light bulbs.

beare2 hna1 ga2-lun2 -- how many gallons of gasoline

beare2 hna1 kjut -- how much "kyat" (Burmese currency)

beare2 hna1 koun2 -- "how many" for number of animals

beare2 hna1 bu3 -- how many bottles and tin cans

beare2 hna1 pa1-lin3 -- how many glass bottle with necks such as wine bottles

beare2 hna1 yout -- "how many" for number of persons

beare2 hna1 khu1 -- "how many" for general small items that can be counted

beare2 hna1 khan3 -- how many rooms

Extensive list of "measure words" are given in the table at the left column of lesson 12.

Myanmar Grammar Notes: Question word beare2 hna1 is a pronoun if there is no mention of the noun. If it has a noun in front, it will be adjective. E.g., lu2 beare2 hna1 yout la2 leare3 -- How many people came?

Now, you need yyyy ending part to complete the sentence. There can be several variations, but I will give two common usages.

lo2 chin2 leare3 -- used in "how many do you want?"
leare3 -- just a question mark in "how many xxxx" sentence.

Examples on full sentences with the format: "How many xxxx yyyy?

beare2 hna1 khan3 lo2 chin2 leare3 -- How many rooms do you want?

beare2 hna1 yout leare3 -- How many persons?

beare2 hna1 lone3 lo2 chin2 leare3 -- How many (fruits, light bulbs, etc..) do you want?

Counter question to "How many do you want" question

So, when the front desk asks you,

beare2 hna1 khan3 lo2 chin2 leare3 -- How many rooms do you want?, you can counter question as follow:

thone3 khan3 yah1 ma1 la3 -- Three rooms available? (3 + rooms + roughly "available?")

That phrase sounds more natural than

thone3 khan3 lo2 chin2 deare2 -- (We) want three rooms. (3 + rooms + want + need + affirmation)

Air conditioner doesn't work!

If something is not in the working condition and needs fixing, you can use the words pyet nay2 deare2 . For example, you can say...

eare3-koon2 pyet nay2 deare2 -- air conditioner + "not in working condition"

ka3 pyet nay2 deare2 -- car + "not in working condition"

set pyet nay2 deare2 -- machine + "not in working condition"

If something doesn't work that has to do with water or electricity, Burmese people will say, ma1 la2 bu3, which in direct translation means, "doesn't come".

mi3 ma1 la2 bu3 -- There's no electricity!

a-khan3 hteare3 mi3 ma1 la2 bu3 -- There's no electricity in the room. (room + inside + electricity + "doesn't come")

yay2 ma1 la2 bu3 -- There's no water (from the tap.)

eare3-koon2 ma1 la2 bu3 -- Air conditioner doesn't work!

Murphy's Law

Murphy's Law says: if something can go wrong, it will go wrong. I hope that if you plan on visiting Myanmar, Murphy's Law doesn't apply. In any case, sleep well and have no fear! Knowing some of those Burmese words to express yourself will "work" wonders. May you not encounter Murphy's Law today!