Naing Tinnyuntpu is no stranger to systematic and efficient approach. He came from manufacturing environment with Bachelor's and Master's in Industrial Engineering (USA).
His contributions to the semiconductor industry included techniques recognized by Sematech as ‘Administrative Quality Best Practices’ during his process engineering days with now defunct IC chip making division of Hewlett-Packard in Singapore.
Born and raised in Yangon, he has lived in six countries and knowledgeable in unrelated areas including self-taught programming languages. His free online Burmese lessons serve as an effective communication bridge that connects international community with ordinary Myanmar people.
from the Pali origin is the class of words that show one of the three things below:
pyu1 chin3 - action (does/do)
pfyit chin3 - occurrence (be/is/are/am)
shi1 chin3 - presence (is at/has/have)
Burmese equivalent of "be/is/are/am" such as deare2
are not verbs but postpositional markers, and they form verb clauses only in combination with verbs such as "go", "eat", "come", or
adjectives such as "white", "wrong", "hot".
Similarly, ending particle words such as ba2
are combined with nouns: "doctor", "man", "Buddhist" to get the verb clause "be/is/are/am" something or someone.
Burmese verbs can be categorized by the above three characteristics. In addition, they can also be classified by three types of construction, so there are a total of six terms that students learn in Myanmar high schools.
pyu1 chin3 pya1 ka1-ri1-ya2
- action words such as eat, walk, run, write, read.
pfyit chin3 pya1 ka1-ri1-ya2
- words that show the occurrence, state, or condition. E.g.,
hta-min3kjetbyi2 - The rice is cooked.
shi1 chin3 pya1 ka1-ri1-ya2
- words that describe the presence or existence of something. E.g.,
- It is upstairs.
- words that describe the action. E.g.,
pu2-zau2 - make a devotional offering.
- words that show the quality. Those are adjectives converted into verbs. E.g.,
thu2tha2-ya2nay2deare2 - She is enjoying the experience.
The adjective tha2-ya2 meaning "enjoyable" or "pleasant" is modified into the verb by the ending postpositional marker.
- words that combine two actions. E.g.,
sa3-thout - eat and drink; have a meal.
sa3-thout hsine2 (noun)
refers to the restaurant. It is a compound word made up of the verb sa3-thout and the noun hsine2 meaning shop.
Burmese verbs do not change with tense like in English. Instead, verb-suffix words are appended to show the past tense, present tense, and future tense.
thwa3meare2 - I will go.
kun2dau1meare2 - I am about to kick.
youtpfu3deare2 - I have been there.
na3-leare2thwa3byi2 - I have understood now.
pyau3kheare1deare2 - I have told (him).
loatnay2 deare2 - I am doing (something).
Similarly, the same verb words are used for both plural and singular forms to say: "He does something" and "They do something."
CLICK (OR TOUCH) TABLE HEADER COLUMNS TO SORT BY ASCENDING OR DESCENDING ORDER.
ride (car, bus, horse, bicycle, rickshaw, plane, train, boat, elevator, hot air balloon, etc..)
In English, to watch is to look more attentively, not a casual glance by turning your head. You look, you see, and you watch if you like what you see. You see something only after you look — not you see first then look.
Myanmar language does not differentiate between "look" and "watch". kji1 in Burmese means to watch as in TVkji1 — Watch TV as well as to take a look.
The negative imperative phrase will be ma1-kji1neare1 which means either "Don't Watch" or "Don't look".
myin2, on the other hand, is perceiving or seeing something as you turn your head. So,
myin2dine3ma1-kji1neare1 means "Don't look (and pay attention) every time you see something."
In English, to watch is to look more attentively, not a casual glance by turning your head. You look, you see, and you watch if you like what you see. You see something only after you look — not you see first then look. Myanmar language is opposite. (ကြည့် | kji1) in Burmese means to watch as in (TV ကြည့် | TV kji1) — Watch TV as well as to take a look. The negative imperative phrase will be (မကြည့်နဲ့ | ma1 kji1 neare1) which means either "Don't Watch" or "Don't look". (မြင် | myin2) on the other hand, is perceiving or seeing something as you turn your head. So, (မြင်တိုင်းမကြည့်နဲ့ | myin2 dine3 ma1 kji1 neare1) means "Don't look (and pay attention) every time you see something." [49 seconds]
a-khan3shin3 — tidy up the room as in room service (room + tidy-up)
How to make requests in Burmese?
To say, "I want to ... " the general format is:
xxxxchin2deare2, where you substitute xxxx with the verb of your choice.
a-wootshau2chin2deare2 — I want to wash clothes.
yay2cho3chin2deare2 — I want to take shower.
litechin2deare2 — I want to come along.
To suggest something, add the particle "ba2" after the verb with the format:
ba2 softens the tone from ordering to suggesting. Note the difference:
tet — officer ordering the soldier to go up.
tetba2 — Driver politely telling the passenger to go inside (up) the vehicle.
ba2 ome3 — softens the tone even more.
Sa3ba2 ome3 "Won't you have (eat) some?
Please refer to Lesson 2and 3 for basic sentence constructions. If you know the general pattern, you can just substitute the verbs in most cases.
Note: Most of the action words have noun used as a prefix word in front of the verb. Commands can be stand alone verbs, but in phrases and complete sentences, related noun must be used as a prefix to avoid ambiguity.
Here are some more useful verbs and phrasal verbs:
Seeing a Doctor
hsay3thout — take medication in liquid or tablet form (medicine + drink)
hsay3hto3 — inject with needle (medicine + punch or poke through)
pya1 — to show
hsa1-ya2-woon2pya1 — see a doctor. (doctor + show)
hsa1-ya2-woon2khau2 — call a doctor. (doctor + call)
ba2-dtha2pyan2 — translate. (language or subject + translate)
pfone3khau2 — make a phone call. (phone + call)
e3-may3po1 — send email. (email + send)
tet-si2khau2 — call taxi. (taxi + call)
thun2-yone3thwa3 — go to the embassy. (embassy + go)
yeare3tine2 — make a police report. (police + report)
dau2-la2leare3 — exchange dollar into local currency.(dollar + exchange)
Waking Up in the morning
ate-ya2hta1 — wake up. (bed + stand)
ain2-dtha2win2 — go to the bathroom. (toilet + enter)
myet-hna2thit — freshen up by washing the face. (face + new)
thwa3tite — brush teeth. (tooth + knock or rub)
moat-hsateyate — shave. (beard + shave)
Preparing to go to work
mate-kutlain3 — put on make-up and cosmetics. (cosmetic+ rub)
tha1-nut-kha3lain3 — put on burmese traditional cosmetic made from bark of a type of tree. Burmese women and children use this paste for protection from the sun.(a type of tree bark + rub)
goun3pfe3 — comb hair. (head + to comb)
a-wootleare3 — change clothes. (clothes + change)
ma1-net sa2sa3 — have breakfast. (morning + portion + eat)
pfa1-nutsi3 — put on footwear. (slippers, shoes + ride)
hti3hsoun3 — use an umbrella. (umbrella + put up)
Morning Rush Hour
a-loatthwa3 — go to work. (work + go)
kjoun3thwa3 — go to school. (school + go)
a-loatsha2 — look for work. (work + search)
but-sa1-ka3soun1 — wait for the bus. (bus + wait)
but-sa1-ka3si3 — take a bus. (bus + ride)
ka3moun3 — drive a car. (car + drive)
Note: Public buses are now called line3 ka3 where line3 refer to the route indicated by the route number. Rates in Yangon as of July 2016 range from 200 Kyat to 300 Kyat for the entire trip covering greater Yangon that stretches as far as 15 miles.
On January 16, 2017 a new bus system (YBS) with new numbers were introduced in Yangon. See the routes with all the bus stops and detailed maps at http://ygnbusdirectory.com/.
a-loattet — start work as in start of the shift. (work + go up)
a-loatloat — to work (work [noun] + to work [verb])
hsway3-nway3 — discuss
twet-chet — calculate; do the math.
yi2-twet — count
pyin2-hsin2 — prepare
kjau2-nya2 — advertise
sin3-za3 — think
say1-sut — negotiate
lu2-hnga3 — hire people. (people + rent/hire)
hnga3-yan3 — to rent
sit-hsay3 — inspect
htain3-thain3 — maintain
pyin2 — repair
sun3 — to test
sin2 — assemble
htoat — pack
youn3 weare2 — buy & sell. (sell + buy)
hsone3-pfyut — make decisions.
si2-mun2 khan1-gweare3 — manage
a-loat kjan3loat — do a menial work. (job + rough + do)
za1-ga3pyau3 — chit-chat (spoken language + speak)
a-chain2pfyone3 — waste time. (time + waste)
nay1-leare2 za2sa3 — have lunch. (afternoon + portion + eat)
lethsay3 — wash the hand. (hand + wash)
letthoat — dry or clean the hand with napkin. (hand + wipe)
ba1-zutthoat — wipe the mouth clean with napkin. (mouth + wipe)
yay2thout — drink water. (water + drink)
a-pau1thwa3 — go to the restroom. (urine + go)
a-na3yu2 — rest. (a rest + take)
Back to Work
a-loatpyan2 loat — resume work. (work [noun] + return + to work [verb])
la1-pfet-yay2thout — drink tea. (tea + drink)
na2-yi2 kji1 — look at the clock. (watch or clock + look or watch)
thwa3bo1pyin2 — prepare to go. (go + for + prepare)
End of Shift
a-loathsin3 — to end work as in the end of shift and knock-off time (work [noun] + go down)
Oddly enough, it also refers to start work in the beginning of shift. For the later case, the reference point is probably going down the stairs of one's home.
kjoun3hsin3 — finish class. (school + to go down); never use this for start of class.
ain2pyan2 — go back home. (house + to return, to repeat)
chin3-lone3khut — play a non-competitive sport participated by a small group of people [usually 4 or 5] facing each other in a circular formation, where the objective of the game is to keep the ball made of cane in the air as long as possible by means of foot, shoulder, head, and parts of the body except the hand, and by passing around. (cane basket + ball + toss with foot)
a-yetthout — drink alcohol (alcohol + drink)
tha1-chin3hso2 — sing a song (song + sing)
yoat-shin2kji1 — watch movie (movie + to watch)
pfa1-ya3 bweare3thwa3 — go to night time festival at the pagoda compound where there are all-night shows as well as stalls selling food and variety of items in a Carnival style environment. (Pagoda + festival + go)
pfeare3yite — play cards (playing cards + hit or strike)