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Lesson 24: Common Burmese Words with Buddhist Origin

"Use the Force, Luke... Use the Force!"

In Gorge Lucas' creation of Star Wars movies, the Jedi Knights with light sabres have gone through strict mental training somewhat like thun3-ga2 (the Buddhist monks). MP3 Audio File However, unlike the Jedi Knights, the accomplished ones in Theravada Buddhist tradition known as ya1-hun3 MP3 Audio File have gained pyin2-nya2 (knowledge and understanding) MP3 Audio File of the true Nature of existence through wi1-pup-tha1-na2 (Vipassana or insight) MP3 Audio File Meditation.

Naing Tinnyuntpu as Jedi Master

Respectable ya1-hun3 would not use the Dark Forces of the set-kja2-wa1-la2 (Universe) MP3 Audio File even if they have the knowledge, because they understand that lau3-ka1, or the existential world MP3 Audio File that we live in is thin2-kha2-ra1.

thin2-kha2-ra1, MP3 Audio File or Sankhara in Pali language means that our formation or existence is dependent on external conditions and has the characteristics of

doat-kha1 MP3 Audio File -- nothing is ultimately satisfying

a-nate-sa1 MP3 Audio File -- nothing lasts forever

a-na1-ta1 MP3 Audio File -- nothing can be pointed to say unchanging "me" "my" and "mine"

Those who are familiar with the romanization of the Pali language will recognize those terms as Dukkha, Anicca, and Anatta.

Here's my YouTube Video.

In Love & in War there is no such thing as "ma1 ta1 ya3 bu3"

Some Burmese words with Buddhist origin have merged into every day usage out of religious context. One such word is ta1 ya3. MP3 Audio File

Ta1 ya3 in religious context means the teaching of the Buddha. In everyday usage, it means fairness (noun), or to be fair (verb).

NOTE: There is just a slight tone difference between ta1 ya3 -- fairness MP3 Audio File and ta1 ya2 -- one hundred (100). MP3 Audio File

Related Words

ta1-ya3-thu2-ji3 MP3 Audio File -- the Judge who is impartial.(noun)

ta1-ya3-yone3 MP3 Audio File -- Court House (noun)

ta1-ya1-khan2 MP3 Audio File -- defendant or a suspect (noun)

ta1-ya1-lo2 MP3 Audio File -- plaintiff (noun)

ta1-ya3 hsweare3 MP3 Audio File -- to file a legal case; to sue (verb)

ta1-ya3 hsweare3 -- to sue
khan2 -- subjected to
yah1 -- to get
deare2 -- ending confirmation word

ta1-ya3 hsweare3 khan2 yah1 deare2 -- He got sued.

ta1-ya3 htine2 MP3 Audio File means to do sitting meditation, where htine2 MP3 Audio File is to sit.

The complete sentence is "ta1-ya3 htine2 chin2 deare2" MP3 Audio File which means, "I want to practice Meditation."

myan2-ma2 -- Myanmar
pyi2 -- country
hma2 -- location indicator; preposition "at"
ta1-ya3 -- see the explanation below
htine2 -- to sit
chin2 deare2" -- "I want to... " (want + affirmative ending word)

myan2-ma2-pyi2 hma2 ta1-ya3 htine2 chin2 deare2" -- I want to practice meditation in Myanmar.

If you are a business man or a business woman, make sure that you do ta1-ya1-win2, MP3 Audio File which means in accordance with the law (legally).

ta1-ya1-win2 loat meare2 -- I will do it legally! ( be in accordance with the law [verb] + do [verb] + ending word indicating future action [postpositional marker])

ta1-ya1-win2 loat ja1 meare2 -- We will do it legally! (be in accordance with the law [verb] + do [verb] + plural [particle] + ending word indicating future action [postpositional marker])

NOTE: In some words like ta1-ya1-khan2 -- defendant or a suspect, MP3 Audio File ta1-ya1-lo2 -- plaintiff MP3 Audio File and ta1-ya1-win2 -- to do something legally, MP3 Audio File "ya3" of the word "ta1-ya3" MP3 Audio File in the 3rd tone is read as "ya1" MP3 Audio File in the 1st tone.

The negative term of ta1-ya3 is "ma1 ta1 ya3 bu3 ". You can protest something by saying: ma1 ta1 ya3 bu3 -- That's not fair!

Suffering is Doat-kha1

"Dukkha" in romanization of the Pali originally means all our worldly pursuit end up like holding on to the mirage and nothing is ultimately satisfying and lasting. In everyday Burmese usage, doat-kha1 MP3 Audio File means troublesome.

doat-kha1 ba2 beare3 -- We are in big trouble now!

Suffering is doat-kha1 and doat-kha1 is suffering. In this never ending rounds of births and deaths, there was, there is, and there will always be doat-kha1. The generation before us had it. We have it. And, the next generation will have it.


Suffering is "doat-kha1" and "doat-kha1" is suffering. In this never ending rounds of births and deaths, there was, there is, and there will always be Doat-kha1. The generation before us had it. We have it. And, the next generation will have it. In everyday Burmese usage out of religious context, "doat-kha1" means troublesome. [35 seconds]

Posted by Naing Tinnyuntpu on Wednesday, May 11, 2016

doat-kha1 -- trouble
yout -- reach
ba2 -- soften tone
byi2 -- has reached a condition or state

doat-kha1 yout ba2 byi2 -- Similar phrase to describe the messy situation.

doat-kha1 -- trouble
yout -- reach
lain1 -- points to future after the verb word, "to reach" in this case
meare2 -- will

doat-kha1 yout lain1 meare2 -- "You will get into trouble." An advice to (or not to) do something in view of negative future consequences.

Be mindful with full of "dtha1-de1"

Burmese word dtha1-de1 MP3 Audio File is an another common word with Buddhist origin. This original Pali word is romanized by the Western Buddhist scholars as "Sati" meaning "mindfulness". "Satipatthana", or the 4 foundations of mindfulness is practiced by the meditators. In Burmese language, this Buddhist term is known as dtha1-de1 pa1-hta2-na1. MP3 Audio File

In everyday usage, dtha1-de1 means to be watchful or careful about potential dangers. dtha1-de1 can also have the nostalgic sense about the good old days as in dtha1-de1-yah1 deare2, MP3 Audio File which means to remember by or miss someone.

nin1 -- You
go2 -- to
a-myeare3 beare3 -- always
dtha1-de1 -- attention
yah1 -- to get
ba2 -- soften tone
deare2 -- ending word

nin1 go2 a-myeare3 beare3 dtha1-de1-yah1 ba2 deare2 -- You're always on my mind. (As sung by Willy Nelson and Elvis Presley)

You can tell someone on the slippery roof doing his repair job like this:

dtha1-de1 -- attention
hta3 -- to maintain and keep
nau2 -- warm feeling tone

dtha1-de1 hta3 nau2 -- Be careful!

You may reach "a-nate-sa1" if you don't have "dtha1-de1"

If you don't have dtha1-de1 MP3 Audio File when you are on the roof, it is possible that you may reach a-nate-sa1. MP3 Audio File As we have seen in the beginning, this original Pali word in Buddhist sense is impermanence. Nothing lasts forever. a-nate-sa1 yout MP3 Audio File is the formal literary word which means to pass away.

a-nate-sa1 yout thwa3 e1 - He has passed away.

Sharing of Merit

After someone a-nate-sa1 yout, MP3 Audio File the bereaved family has certain customs to perform. Burmese Buddhists have the custom of sharing the merit to the dead at the funerals, and to the beings in the other World, especially to those in the lower realms who need the most. The act is called a-hmya1 (equal portion) way2 (to distribute). MP3 Audio File However, if the deceased is believed to be in the Heavenly World, there's no need for it. Listen to this.

Long live Buddhism!

Here's another very common proclamation by the volunteers going around the neighborhood collecting the donation, or by the monk with the loudspeaker in the car ahead of other monks going for alms. It generally means "long-live Buddhism!"

boat-dah1 tha2-tha1-nun2 si1-yan2 ti1-hta1-tu1

The Middle Way

myit-zi1-ma1 ba1-di1-ba1-da2 - The Middle Way MP3 Audio File proclaimed by the Buddha avoids indulgence of whatever the mind's desire in one extreme, and extreme form of physical torment practiced in those days to gain enlightenment in the other. He did not say that you cannot excel in something and just be an average person. In fact, he had the determination, and full intention to achieve what he had attained. After six years of unsuccessful attempts through perseverance, he found success.

We need to keep some "desire" to excel. Selfless desire for the good of many is admirable. But, unfortunately, most of us cannot become saintly monks. We need to maintain at least some level of "selfish" greed in order to survive in this world. A "good and fair ambition" in our worldly pursuit doesn't harm ourselves or the others including the environment. And we don't use ma1 ta1 ya3 means to achieve our objectives. That's exactly what the Buddha had prescribed for the lay people in the tha1-ma2 ah2-zi2-wa1 -- "Right livelihood" MP3 Audio File of the met-gin2 shit pa3 -- "Noble Eight Fold Path". MP3 Audio File You just enjoy what you do, just like me working on these "Free online Burmese Lessons".