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Color Codes: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, conjunctions, particles, postpositional markers, interjections.

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Lesson 13: Somewhere in Time

Myanmar has three seasons

ရာသီ | ya2-dthi2. MP3 Audio File

Rainy season

မိုးရာသီ | mo3 ya2-dthi2 MP3 Audio File

starts from mid June. Rain and thunderstorms are heaviest around July and tapered off towards the end of August. A short dry month is followed by a Cooler "tourist" Season

ဆောင်းရာသီ | hsoun3 ya2-dthi2 MP3 Audio File

starting from around late September till February. Then comes the romantic Summer months

နွေရာသီ | nway2 ya2-dthi2 MP3 Audio File

when the old brown leaves fall away, and new flowers start to blossom in tall "Padauk" trees. This is the time of the year when male Asian Koel birds

ဥဩ | oat au3 MP3 Audio File

sing their sweetest songs looking for mates to fill their dry, empty lives.

Myanmar Summer

Myanmar has three seasons (ya2-thi2). Rainy season (mo3 ya2-thi2) starts from mid June. Rain and thunderstorms are heaviest around July and tapered off towards the end of August. A short dry month is followed by a cooler "tourist" season (hsoun3 ya2-thi2) starting from around late September till February. Then comes the romantic summer months (nway2 ya2-thi2) when the old brown leaves fall away, and new flowers start to blossom in tall "Padauk" trees. This is the time of the year when male Asian Koel birds (Oat Au3) sing their sweetest songs looking for mates to fill their dry, empty lives. [38 seconds]

Posted by Naing Tinnyuntpu on Tuesday, May 17, 2016
Hlwan Paing | လွှမ်းပိုင် | hlwun3 pine2 & Bobby Soxer. Hlwan Paing
is one of the third generation of Myanmar hip-hop stars
who started his career in late 2006.

Somewhere in Time in Burmese

Three Seasons

Hot-Rainy-Cool (Sortable)
ENGLISH ↑↓ AUDIO ↑↓ COMMENT ↑↓
Hot Season နွေရာသီ | nway2 ya2-dthi2 --
Summer နွေ | nway2 short form
Beginning of Summer နွေဦး | nway2 u3 --
Rainy Season မိုးရာသီ | mo3 ya2-dthi2 --
Rainy Season မိုး | mo3 short form
Beginning of Monsoon မိုးဦး | mo3 u3 --
during Rainy Season မိုးတွင်း | mo3-dwin3 --
Cool Season ဆောင်းရာသီ | hsoun3 ya2-dthi2 --
Cool Season ဆောင်း | hsoun3 short form
Beginning of Cool Season ဆောင်းဦး | hsoun3 u3 --
during Cool Season ဆောင်းတွင်း | hsoun3-dwin3

Time Expressions in Burmese

အချိန် | a-chain2 - time MP3 Audio File

Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow (Sortable)
ENGLISH ↑↓ AUDIO ↑↓ COMMENT ↑↓
day before yesterday တမြန်နေ့ | ta1-myan2 nay1 --
yesterday မနေ့ | ma1-nay1 --
yesterday မနေ့တုန်းက | ma1-nay1 dome3 ga1 yesterday + at that time
today ယနေ့ | ya1-nay1 (literary)
today ဒီနေ့ | de2 nay1 (colloquial) this + day
tomorrow မနက်ဖြန် | ma1-net-pfyan2 --
the day after tomorrow သန်ဘက်ခါ | dtha1-bet-kha2 --
three days after today ဖိန်းနွှဲခါ | pfain3-hnweare3-kha2 --
Morning to Midnight (Sortable)
ENGLISH ↑↓ AUDIO ↑↓ COMMENT ↑↓
morning နံနက် | nun2-net (literary)
morning မနက် | ma1-net (colloquial)
every morning မနက်တိုင်း | ma1-net tine3 morning + every
dawn အရုဏ် | ah2-yone2 (literary)
dawn မနက် နေမထွက်ခင် | ma1-net nay2 ma1-htwet khin2 morning before sun rises
early in the morning မနက်စောစော | ma1-net sau3-zau3 morning + early
8 O'clock in the morning မနက် ၈ နာရီ | ma1-net shit na2-yi2 morning + 8 + clock
mid-day နေ့လည် | nay1 leare2 day + middle
noon မွန်းတည့်ချိန် | moon3 teare1 jain2 (literary)
noon နေ့လည် ၁၂ နာရီ | nay1-leare2 hseare1 hna1 na2-yi2 (colloquial) 12 noon
afternoon မွန်းလွဲ | moon3 lweare3 (literary)
afternoon နေ့လည် | nay1 leare2 (colloquial) day + middle
evening ညနေ | nya1 nay2 night + sun
every evening ညနေတိုင်း | nya1-nay2 dine3 night + sun + every
when the sun is down ညနေစောင်း | nya1-nay2 zoun3 night + sun + askew
sunset time ညနေခင်း | nya1-nay2 ghin3 (literary)
sunset time နေဝင်ချိန် | nay2 win2 jain2 (colloquial) sun+ go in +time
7 O'clock in the evening ည ၇ နာရီ | nya1 khoon2 na1-na2-yi2 night + 7 + clock
night | nya1 --
last night မနေ့ည | ma1-nay1 nya1 yesterday + night
when the night falls ညကြရင် | nya1 kja1 yin2 night + when the time comes
every night ညတိုင်း | nya1 dine3 night + every
all night တစ်ညလုံး | ta1-nya1 lone3 one + night + suffix "all"
just before midnight ညဉ့်ဦးယံ | nyin1 u3 yan2 (literary)
midnight သန်းခေါင်ယံ | dtha1-goun2 yan2 (literary)
midnight ညသန်းခေါင် | nya1 dtha1-goun2 (colloquial)
wee hours after midnight မိုးသောက်ယံ | mo3 dthout yan2 (literary)
Days of Week
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
day နေ့ | nay1 --
Sunday တနင်္ဂနွေ | ta1-nin3-ga1-nway2 --
Monday တနင်္လာ(နေ့) | ta1-nin3-la2 (nay1) (nay1) can be omitted.
Tuesday အင်္ဂါ(နေ့) | in2-ga2(nay1) --
Wednesday ဗုဒ္ဓဟူး(နေ့) | boat-da1-hu3 (nay1) --
Thursday ကြာသပတေး | kja2-dtha2-ba1-day3 --
Friday သောကြာ | thout-kja2 --
Saturday စနေ | sa1-nay2 --
Last Week, this week, next week
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
next Monday နောက်အပတ် တနင်္လာနေ့ | nout a-pup ta1-nin3-la2 nay1 next + week + Monday
2 weeks (fortnight) ago အရင် ၂ ပတ်တုန်းက | a-yin2 hna1-pup dome3 ga1 prior +2+ week+ ago
last week ပြီးခဲ့တဲ့ အပတ် | pyi3 kheare1-deare1 a-pup finished+been through+week
this week ဒီအပတ် | de2 a-pup this + week
this weekend ဒီအပတ် စနေ တနင်္ဂနွေ | de2 a-pup sa1-nay2 ta1-nin3-ga1-nway2 this + week + Saturday + Sunday
next week နောက်အပတ် | nout a-pup next + week
2 weeks from now နောက်နှစ်ပတ် | nout hna1-pup next + 2 + week
3 weeks from now နောက် ၃ ပတ် | nout thone3 but next + 3 + week
Last month, this month, next month
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
lat month အရင်လတုန်းက | a-yin2 la1 dome3 ga1 previous + month + at that time
this month ဒီလ | de2 la1 next + 2 + month
next month နောက်လ | nout la1 next + month
2 months from now နောက် ၂ လ | nout hna1-la1 next + 2 + month
3 months from now နောက် ၃ လ | nout thone3 la1 next + 3 + month
Last Year, this year, next year
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
last year ပြီးခဲ့တဲ့ နှစ် | pyi3 kheare1-deare1 hnit finished+been through+year
last year မနှစ်တုန်းက | ma1-hnit dome3 ga1 last yeat + at that time
this year ဒီနှစ် | de2 hnit this + year
next year နောက်နှစ် | nout hnit next + year
2 years from now ၂ နှစ်ကြာရင် | hna1-hnit kja2 yin2 2 + year + "when that long"
3 years from now ၃ နှစ်ကြာရင် | thone3 hnit kja2 yin2 3 + year + "when that long"
Forever
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
life time ရာသက်ပန် | ya2-thet-pan2 (literary)
life time တစ်သက်လုံး | ta1-thet lone3 one + life + all around
forever ထာဝရ | hta2-wa1-ra1 (literary)
Past
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
past အတိတ်ကာလ | a-tate ka2-la1 (literary)
in the past အရင်တုန်းက | a-yin2 dome3 ga1 (colloquial)
Present
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
present မျက်မှောက်ကာလ | myet-hmout ka2-la1 (literary)
present ပစ္စုပ္ပန် | pyit-soat-pan2 (literary)
right now ယခု | ya1-khu1 (literary)
right now အခု | a-khu1 (colloquial)
at this moment ဒီအချိန်မှာ | de2 a-chain2 hma2 this + time + at
Future
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
future အနာဂတ် | a-na2-gut (literary)
future နောင်ကာလ | noun2 ka2-la1 future + period (literary)
next time နောက်ကြရင် | nout kja1 yin2 next + "when fall on"
later ခဏနေ | kha1-na1 nay2 a short while + stay
till next time (not now) နောက်ကြမှ | nout kja1 hma1 next + to fall+ till then
Telling the time
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
hour နာရီ | na2-yi2 clock
6 hours(duration) ၆ နာရီ | chout na2-yi2 6 + clock
6 AM မနက် ၆ နာရီ | ma1-net chout na2-yi2 morning + 6 + clock
6 PM ညနေ ၆ နာရီ | nya1-nay2 chout na2-yi2 evening + 6 + clock
half past 6 ၆ နာရီခွဲ | chout na2-yi2 gweare3 6 + clock + half
6:15 ၆ နာရီ ၁၅ | chout na2-yi2 hseare1-nga3 6 + clock + 10 + 5
6:35 ၆ နာရီ ၃၅ | chout na2-yi2 thone3 zeare1-nga3 6 + clock + 3 + 10 + 5
6:45 ၆ နာရီ ၄၅ | chout na2-yi2 lay3 zeare1-nga3 6 + clock + 4 + 10 + 5
quarter to 7 ၇ နာရီ မတ်တင်း | khoon2 na1-na2-yi2 mut-tin3 7 + clock + quarter to
How long will it take?
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
It will take 6 hours. ၆ နာရီ ကြာမယ် | chout na2-yi2 kja2 meare2 6 + clock + duration + will
It will take 10 minutes. ၁၀ မိနစ်ကြာမယ် | hseare2 ma1-nit kja2 meare2 10 + minute + duration + will be
It will take 10 seconds. ၁၀ စက္ကန့် ကြာမယ် | hseare2 set-kun1 kja2 meare2 10 + second + duration + will be
Fast or slow?
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
(It's) slow. နှေးတယ် | hnay3 deare2 slow + confirmation
(It's) fast. မြန်တယ် | myan2 deare2 fast + confirmation
When did that happend?
ENGLISH AUDIO COMMENT
Not long ago (in the form of an answer.) သိပ်မကြာသေးဘူး | thate ma1-kja2 thay3 bu3 very + not + long + yet + negative
Not long ago (in the form of a statement.) ခုနတုန်းက | khu1-na1 dome3 ga1 just now + at that time
just now ခုလေးတင် | khu1 lay3 din2 ---
a few hours ago. တစ်နာရီ နှစ်နာရီ လောက်တုန်းက | ta1-na2-yi2, hna1-na2-yi2 lout dome3 ga1 1 hour + 2 hour + enough + at that time
How often? (Sortable)
ENGLISH ↑↓ AUDIO ↑↓ COMMENT ↑↓
sometimes တစ်ခါတလေ | ta1-kha2 ta1-lay2 (colloquial)
occasionally ရံဖန်ရံခါ | yan2-pfun2 yan2-kha2 (literary)
from time to time တစ်ခါတစ်ရံ | ta1-kha2 ta1-yan2 (literary)
often မကြာခဏ | ma1-kja2 kha1-na1 not + long + a short while
frequently ခဏခဏ | kha1-na1 kha1-na1 (colloquial)
seldom တစ်ခါတလေမှ | ta1-kha2 ta1-lay2 hma1 (colloquial)
never ဘယ်တော့မျှ | beare2 dau1 hmya1 (literary)
never ဘယ်တော့မှ | beare2 dau1 hma1 (colloquial)
all the time တစ်ချိန်လုံး | ta1-chain2 lone3 (colloquial) one + time + "all"
always ထာဝစဉ် | hta2-wa1-zin2 (literary)
always အမြဲ | a-myeare3 (colloquial)
hourly တစ်နာရီ တစ်ကြိမ် | ta1-na2-yi2 da1-jain2 1 + hour + 1 + frequency
daily နေ့စဉ် | nay1 zin2 (literary)
weekly တစ်ပတ်တစ်ခါ | ta1-but ta1-kha2 1 + week + 1 + time
fortnightly ၂ ပတ်တစ်ခါ | hna1-pup ta1-kha2 2 + week + 1 + time
monthly တစ်လတစ်ခါ | ta1-la1 ta1-kha2 1 + month + 1 + time
yearly တစ်နှစ်တစ်ခါ | ta1-hnit ta1-kha2 1 + year + 1 + time
anniversary နှစ်ပတ်လည်နေ့ | hnit-pup-leare2 nay1 year + around + day

Next, how to use time expressions in questions and answers.