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Lesson 11: Describe a person in the present tense by clothing he or she is wearing using PHP Burmese Phrase Maker/Translator

Back in lesson 9, we have learned how to describe a person in terms of height, body type, skin color, attitude, and personalities. From lesson 10, we also know how to say color words in Burmese.

What's next? We will now learn to describe a person in terms of clothing items that he or she is wearing, and also learn more words on general descriptions of people such as "pretty lady", "old man", "small girl", and so on.

On top of that, we will learn to combine those words into a sentence. Present tense means the conversation is about a person right in front of you.

Learn descriptions of people in Burmese

For fun as well as for exercise, I have written a Burmese Phrase Maker / Translator in PHP, so you can construct the combinations on your own, and see the output sentence.

Remember from the previous lesson which says, "the man who is wearing a white shirt"?

a-pfyu2 youn2 -- white color (noun) MP3 Audio File
ain3-ji2 -- shirt (noun) MP3 Audio File
woot -- to wear (verb) MP3 Audio File
hta3 deare1 -- present participle [-ing] (particle) MP3 Audio File
lu2 -- man (noun) MP3 Audio File

We will now add the physical description of that person.

a-pfyu2 youn2 -- white (noun)
ain3-ji2 -- shirt (noun)
woot -- wear (verb)
hta3 deare1 -- [-ing] (particle)
lu2 -- man (noun)
wah1 -- fat (adjective)
ji3 -- "big" used as a suffix particle for emphasis

lu2 wah1 ji3 MP3 Audio File means "big fat man" and it will be taken here as a noun "lu2-wah1 ji3". "White" can also be an adjective. E.g., pfyu2 dthau3 ain3-ji2 -- Shirt that is white.

a-pfyu2-youn2 ain3-ji2 woot hta3 deare1 lu2-wah1-ji3 -- the big fat man who is wearing a white shirt.

The important word you should remember in this lesson is the present participle hta3 deare1 equivalent to the English present participle [...ing], which converts the verb "to wear" to "wearing" the item of clothing. In the literary form, the word is hta3 dthau3 or hta3 dthi1.

CULTURAL NOTE: Getting fat (opposite of skinny) is something one can be proud of. This means you are wealthy enough to eat what you want. Part of the greeting to a person that you have not seen for a long time may include wah1 la2 deare2 - You have become fat, which is a compliment. On the other hand, the opposite pain2 thwa3 deare2 - You have become skinny is a show of concern for someone's health.

The General Format

Here's a general formula that will work with other physical descriptions, persons and items of clothing. You just have to substitute the required Burmese words as needed.

xxxx youn2 + MP3 Audio File
clothing +
wear +
hta3 deare1 MP3 Audio File
ho2 + MP3 Audio File
person +
physical description of the person

ho2 (pronoun) means "that" in English. You can substitute xxxx youn2 (noun) with the list of colors provided in the previous lesson. Remember, hta3 deare1 (particle) is the present participle which adds [---ing] to the verb.

Here's a list of other words you can substitute in the above phrase:


shut ain3-ji2 -- shirt MP3 Audio File
ain3-ji2 let-toh2 -- short-sleeves shirt (shirt+ hand + short) MP3 Audio File
ain3-ji2 let-shay2 -- long-sleeves shirt (shirt+ hand + long) MP3 Audio File
pa1-hso3 -- men's sarong MP3 Audio File
hta1-main2 -- women's sarong MP3 Audio File
tite-pone2 ain3-ji2 -- Burmese-style jacket MP3 Audio File
ja2-kin2 -- Western-style jacket MP3 Audio File
soot-kjeare2-- T-shirt MP3 Audio File
mo3-ka2 -- rain coat MP3 Audio File
hti3 -- umbrella MP3 Audio File
oat-htoat -- hat MP3 Audio File
pfa1-nut -- footwear, usually refers to slippers. MP3 Audio File
boun3-be2 -- trousers, pants MP3 Audio File
jin3-boun3-be2 -- a pair of jeans MP3 Audio File
boun3-be2 toh2 -- shorts, Bermuda shorts MP3 Audio File

to wear

woot -- to wear all types of clothings MP3 Audio File
si3 -- to wear shoes, slippers, and all other footwear. MP3 Audio File
hsoun3 -- to wear hats and use umbrellas MP3 Audio File


lu2 -- man MP3 Audio File
main3-ma1 -- woman MP3 Audio File
a-myo3-tha1-mi3 -- lady MP3 Audio File
poat-ko2 -- gentleman MP3 Audio File
a-pfo3-ji3 -- old man MP3 Audio File
a-pfwa3-ji3 -- old woman MP3 Audio File
kha1-lay3 -- baby; child MP3 Audio File
kha1-lay3-mah1-lay3 -- small girl MP3 Audio File
koun2-lay3 -- boy MP3 Audio File
koun2-mah1-lay3 -- girl MP3 Audio File
beare3 -- dude, guy (slang) MP3 Audio File
a-chout -- effeminate man, sissy, unmanly person MP3 Audio File
yout-ka1-sha2 -- a girl or a woman who behaves like a man; a gay woman; dyke MP3 Audio File
koun2 -- guy (street talk; MP3 Audio File impolite. "koun2" is also a measure word for animals.)
hsau2 -- chick (slang) MP3 Audio File

Physical description of people (ending words)

wah1-wah1-ji3 -- fat, plump, chubby MP3 Audio File
pain2-pain2-lay3 -- thin, slim, skinny MP3 Audio File
lun2-ba3-ji3 -- tall and big (male) MP3 Audio File
a-yut a-myin1-ji3 -- tall (height + tall + to the high degree, level, or class) MP3 Audio File
pu1-pu1-lay3 -- short, shorty MP3 Audio File
hla1-hla1-lay3 -- pretty, beautiful (reference to a girl or a woman.) MP3 Audio File
chit sa1-ya2 lay3 -- cute and lovely MP3 Audio File
yoat hso3-hso3 ji3 -- ugly (can be used for both sexes.) MP3 Audio File


pan3-youn2 -- pink color
hti3 -- umbrella
hsoun3 -- to wear hats and use umbrellas.
hta3 deare1 -- present participle [-ing]
ho2 -- that
beare3 -- dude, guy (slang)
pain2-pain2-lay3 -- thin, slim, skinny

pan3-youn2 hti3 hsoun3 hta3 deare1 ho2 beare3 pain2-pain2-lay3 -- That skinny dude with pink umbrella.

Burmese Phrase Maker / Translator

Please make sure that you get the matching items. For example, if you select "slippers/shoes" for clothing, you must select "footwear" from the pull down menu.

hta3 deare1 (xxxx ing)

ho2 (that)

The check box below is to prevent abuse by automated bots.

And finally, if you would like to know who is that skinny dude with pink umbrella, just append beare2 thu2 leare3 to the general formula.

hsoun3 hta3 deare1
beare2 thu2 leare3 -- Who is that skinny dude with pink umbrella?

Answer: It's the bird! It's the fly! No, its' Super A-CHOUT JI3!!!