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Myanmar — The Land of the Fast and the Strong
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Learn Myanmar Language in conversational and literary form. Learn to speak and read Burmese. The Free Online Colloquial Burmese (Myanmar language) lessons include Burmese script, MP3 audio, PDF files and easy Burmese grammar study materials with color-coded parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, conjunctions, particles, postpositional markers, and interjections.

Naing Tinnyuntpu Naing Tinnyuntpu is no stranger to systematic and efficient approach. He came from manufacturing environment with Bachelor's and Master's degree in Industrial Engineering (USA). His contributions to semiconductor industry include Administrative Quality Best Practices during his working years as a process engineer with Hewlett-Packard in Singapore. Born and raised in Yangon, he has lived in 6 countries and exposed to different cultures and knowledgeable in unrelated areas. This includes self-taught programming languages. Currently, he is contributing to Tourism in Myanmar by making his online Burmese lessons freely available and accessible to all.





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TONE REFERENCE TABLE
Audio Pronunciation
Ah1 "a" in "art" with silent "rt"
Ah2 "ar" in "Argentina" with silent "r"
Ah3 "ar" in "Artist" with slilent "r"
De1 "de" in "deep" with silent "p"
De2 "de" as in "demote"; "demand"
De3 "dee" as in "deer"; "decent"
Ko1 "colt" with silent "lt"
Ko2 as in "co-author"; "cocaine"
Ko3 "cold" wit silent "ld"
Yu1 "u" in "Youth" with silent "th"
Yu2 "u" as in "university"; "utensil"
Yu3 "u" as in "user"; "Unix"
Shan1 as in "shunt" with silent "t"
Shan2 "shun" as in "chandelier"
Shan3 as in "shun"
Au1 as in "auction"
Au2 as in "Australia";"auditor"
Au3 as in "August"
May1 "maize" with silent "ze"
May2 "may" as in "May I?"
May3 "ay" in "amazing"
Sin1 "sink" with silent "k"
Sin2 "sin" as in "sincerely"
Sin3 "sin" as in "sinful"; "Singapore"
Un1 "aunt" with silent "t"
Un2 "un" in "understanding"; "umbrella"
Un3 "un" as in "under"
Meare1 "melt" with silent "lt"
Meare2 "mel" in "Melbourne" with silent "l"
Meare3 "mare" of "nightmare"
Tain1 "taint" with silent "t"
Tain2 "tain" as in "Captain"
Tain3 "tain" as in "maintain"
Bine1 "Bryant" without "r"
Bine2 as in "carbine"
Bine3 as in "combine"
Dome1 as in "don't"
Dome2 close to "dominate"
Dome3 as in "dome"
Toon1 "doont" in "couldn't"
Toon2 "mon" in "monastery"
Toon3 "oon" as in "cartoon"
Koun1 "count" with silent "t"
Koun2 "coun" in "counter-strike"
Koun3 "coun" as in "counsel"
ate cake, jade, eight, paid, bake
et wet, set, mad, yet
oot cook, put, look
out out, south, mouse, doubt
ike/ite sight, pipe, night, dice, like
ut up, nut, sucks
oat oat, coat, goat, soak
it it, pit, sit

Lesson 22: Understand the Burmese Mind

Mind precedes all mental states.
Speak evil, and suffering is certain;
speak with a pure heart,
and happiness will follow
like a never departing shadow.


-- Dhammapada --

In order to better understand the Burmese mind, I must include some aspects of boat-da1-ba2-dtha2 MP3 Audio File (Buddhism), as approximately 85% of the population in this country are Buddhists, and Burmese culture is influenced by Buddhism.

Buddhist Devotees at Shwedagon Pagoda

Throughout our lives, we are swayed by the "Winds of the World" that shake our emotions like characters in the novels and block-buster movies. The term "Winds of the World" in Buddhism refers to the opposite pairs of "Eight Worldly Conditions" :

Pleasure and Pain
Praise and Blame
Gain and Loss
Fame and Disgrace.

While most of us are naturally attracted to the positive extremes, we avoid the unpleasant situations at the polar opposite end. Unfortunately, those worldly conditions cannot be avoided in life all the time. In the process of seeking and avoiding those conditions, or when in contact with those conditions, we experience a colorful spectrum of emotions such as...

excitement -- sate-hloat-sha3 chin3 MP3 Audio File (to be excited [verb] + noun forming particle)

anguish -- way2-da1-na2 MP3 Audio File

pride -- ma2-na1 MP3 Audio File

anger -- dau3-tha1 MP3 Audio File

jealousy -- ma1-na2-lo2 sate MP3 Audio File (to feel jealous [verb] + mind [noun])

guilt -- late-pya2 ma1 thun1 chin3 MP3 Audio File (spirit + not + clean + noun forming particle)

happiness -- pyau2-shwin2 chin3 MP3 Audio File (to be happy [verb] + noun forming particle)

sorrow -- wun3-neare3 chin3 MP3 Audio File (to feel sorry [verb] + noun forming particle)

conceit -- ba1-win2-myin1 chin3 MP3 Audio File (be conceited [verb] + noun forming particle)

shame -- a-shet-kweare3 chin3 MP3 Audio File (be put to shame [verb] + noun forming particle)

worry -- sate-pu2 chin3 MP3 Audio File (be worried [verb] + noun forming particle)

Myanmar Grammar Notes: The particle chin3 or hmu1 modifies verbs to nouns in several words. Such words are more often seen in literary form. In spoken Burmese, the verb portion is usually used in combination with other words in phrases. For example, sate-pu2 chin3 is a worry (noun). The verb portion sate-pu2 can be combined with the present participle forming particle nay2 and the ending affirmation word deare2 to form the phrase sate-pu2 nay2 deare2 meaning He/She is (or I am) worried.

If we don't constantly guard our minds, we are simply swept away by the flood of those emotions, which often result in negative cycle of effects and consequences. While we cannot avoid those worldly conditions, our conditioned responses and emotions are optional that are within our capability to control and "re-program" with practice.

For someone who is skilled in the art of Buddhist meditation as well as moral philosophy, he or she is indifferent to those worldly conditions. What remains is the state of tranquility, where

calmness -- ti2-nyain2 sate MP3 Audio File for oneself and

compassion -- ga1-yu1-na2 sate MP3 Audio File or

empathy -- mu1-di1-ta2 MP3 Audio File for the others is felt in place of

jealousy -- ma1-na2-lo2 sate MP3 Audio File and

sorrow -- wun3-neare3 sate. MP3 Audio File

Simple emotional phrases

sate -- mind
hloat-sha3 -- to move around
nay2 -- present participle [..ing]
deare2 -- affirmation.

sate hloat sha3 nay2 deare2 -- (He is/ She is / I am) excited.

ma2-na1-- pride; ego; conceit
kji3-- big
deare2-- affirmation

ma2-na1 kji3 deare2 -- He/she has a big ego.

de2 -- this
lu2 -- man
dau3-tha1 -- anger
kji3 -- big
deare2 -- affirmation.

de2 lu2 dau3-tha1 kji3 deare2 -- He is a wrathful person. He is someone who cannot control his anger.

Myanmar Grammar Notes: dau3-tha1 | anger (noun) + kji3 | big (adjective) = dau3-tha1 kji3 (verb) = be exceedingly wrathful.

ma1-na2-lo2 -- be jealous (verb)
pfyit -- become (verb)
nay2 -- present participle [..ing] (particle)
deare2 -- affirmation (postpositional marker)

ma1-na2-lo2 pfyit nay2 deare2 -- He/she is jealous. (has become jealous)

late-pya2 -- spirit
ma1 -- not
thun1 -- clean
bu3 -- negative ending

late-pya2 ma1 thun1 bu3 -- I (or someone is) feeling guilty.

wun3 neare3 -- to be sorry
ba2 deare2 -- polite affirmation

woon3 neare3 ba2 deare2 -- I'm sorry. (I feel sorry for you)

de2 -- this
lu2 -- man
ba1-win2 -- perception of self
myin1 -- tall
deare2 -- affirmation.

de2 lu2 ba1-win2 myin1 deare2 -- He is a haughty person.

shet -- feel ashamed (verb)
sa1-ya2 -- matter (this particle modifies the verb to noun)
ji3 -- suffix parfticle to mean "big" and "considerable".

shet sa1-ya2 ji3 -- It's so shameful; I am so ashamed. (Lit: it is something shameful.)

sate -- mind
pu2 -- hot
nay2 -- present participle [..ing]
deare2 -- affirmation.

sate pu2 nay2 deare2 -- I am worried.

thu1 -- him
a-twet-- for
sate -- mind
pu2 -- hot
nay2 -- present participle [..ing]
deare2 -- affirmation.

thu1 a-twet sate pu2 nay2 deare2 -- I feel worried about him/her.

sate -- mind
ma1 -- not
pu2 -- be worried
ba2 -- polite suggestion
neare1 -- negative imperative.

sate ma1 pu2 ba2 neare1 -- Don't worry!

More Burmese Phrases on the mental states

If there is just one word you that should remember from this page, it would be "sate".

sate -- mind (noun)
mau3 -- feel tired (verb)
deare2-- affirmation (postpositional marker)

sate mau3 deare2 -- (I am) feeling anxious; having anxiety. (verb + postpositional marker)

sate -- mind (noun)
na2 -- to be painful (verb)
deare2 -- affirmation (postpositional marker)

sate na2 deare2 -- I feel hurt inside. (verb + postpositional marker)

sate -- mind (noun)
kone2 -- to have run out (verb)
deare2 -- affirmation (postpositional marker)

sate kone2 deare2 -- I am fed up. I have run out of patience. (verb + postpositional marker)

sate -- mind
ma1 -- not
hso3 -- bad
ba2 neare1 -- please don't (polite suggestion + negative imperative ending)

sate ma1 hso3 ba2 neare1 -- Please don't be angry with me.

Myanmar Grammar Notes: sate-hso3 (verb) means to be angry is a compound word made of sate (noun) and hso3 (adjective). In negative imperative, negative particle ma1 is inserted between the noun and adjective.

sate -- mind
ma1 -- not
shi1 -- have; to have
ba2 -- polite
neare1 -- negative imperative

sate ma1 shi1 ba2 neare1 -- Please don't be angry.

In another words, it's like saying: Please don't have the mind with anger.

sate -- mind
ma1 -- not
chan3-tha2 -- be rich; be affluent
bu3 -- negative ending.

sate ma1 chan3-tha2 bu3 -- I am unhappy.

When you say the opposite: sate chan3-tha2 deare2, it means you are free from all the negative states of the mind such as worry, guilt, craving, rage, jealousy, and anxiety. In ancient Buddhist philosophy, freeing the mind from the shackles of those negative and unwholesome states is called the true happiness. This is different from the modern Western idea of happiness as in

Happy Thingyan

pyau2 lite-da2 -- I am so happy! (happy + so much)

In Search of Happiness

In search of Happiness. [19 Seconds] The modern idea of happiness has thrill and excitement in it. Such agitated state of the mind is fleeting and unstable because of the impermanent nature of all existence. The Buddhist philosophy of true happiness is the state where you are free from the shackles of negative states of the mind such as worry, guilt, craving, range, jealously, and anxiety. Perhaps, we living in the modern time, can somehow find the middle ground where we find happiness in the modern world minus the extra burdens of the negative states of the mind.

Posted by Naing Tinnyuntpu on Thursday, May 5, 2016
မိုက်ရင်က | mite yin2 ka1 by Supermodels (Water Party 3)

There is thrill and excitement in the later type of happiness. At the same time, such agitated state of the mind is fleeting and unstable because of the impermanent nature of all existence, says the wise. Sooner or later, we will have to part with conditions that make us pyau2 lite-da2 , and we are left with yearning - toun1-ta1 sate (yearning) and struggle for the constant supply of the thrill, and if we can't get it, we end up saying : sate ma1 chan3-tha2 bu3.

When someone tells you he or she is sate ma1 chan3-tha2 bu3, you can say:

sate -- mind
ma1 -- not
koun3 -- good
ba2 bu3 -- polite negative ending word.

sate ma1 koun3 ba2 bu3 -- I'm sorry to hear that. This is a useful phrase to sympathize with someone.

Do you find this sate-win2-za3 sa1-ya2 ?

Do you find this lesson sate-win2-za3 sa1-ya2 | interesting? If you remember, back in lesson 20, sa1-ya2 roughly means "matter". Sate-win2-za3 means "having interest". So, sate-win2-za3 sa1-ya2 (noun) is something interesting.

In deep analysis of the word sate-win2-za3, it could mean that whatever the state of the mind of the author is within you, and information or the knowledge has been transferred. In another words, my spirit comes alive as you read this sentence, no matter where or who you are, and when you observe this.

sate -- mind
win2-za3 -- be enticed
sa1-ya2 -- matter
beare3 -- affirmation

sate win2-za3 sa1-ya2 beare3 -- That's interesting!

Bored and nyi3-ngway1

Perhaps, you find this mumbo jumbo extremely boring. "Feeling bored" in Burmese is nyi3-ngway1. You can say: nyi3-ngway1 la2 byi2, which means "I've started to get bored."

Myanmar Grammar Note: la2 (verb) meaning "to come" is used here as a particle meaning "started to". Another example: mo3-ywa2 la2 byi2 -- It starts raining.

In that case ....

Pure & Angelic late-pya2

I'd like to end this lesson with late-pya2 thun1-thun1, meaning having a good heart, pure in spirit, and free from greed, hate and delusion as much as possible. late-pya2 thun1 means having a clear conscience. May you all

sate -- mind (noun)
hna1-lone3 -- heart (noun)
shwin2-lun3 -- feel fresh and energetic (verb)
chan3-myay1 -- be serene, peaceful and tranquil (verb)
ja1 -- plural word (particle)
ba2 zay2 -- I wish ( polite word [particle] + "may this happen" [postpositional marker] )

sate hna1-lone3 shwin2-lun3 chan3-myay1 ja1 ba2 zay2 -- May all beings free from distress and find happiness!