Learn Myanmar Asia Pearl Travels
The Free Online Burmese Lessons
Learn Myanmar Language, History & Culture

Learn Myanmar Language in conversational and literary form. Learn to speak and read Burmese. The Free Online Colloquial Burmese (Myanmar language) lessons include Burmese script, MP3 audio, PDF files and easy Burmese grammar study materials with color-coded parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, conjunctions, particles, postpositional markers, and interjections.

Naing Tinnyuntpu Naing Tinnyuntpu is no stranger to systematic and efficient approach. He came from manufacturing environment with Bachelor's and Master's degree in Industrial Engineering (USA). His contributions to semiconductor industry include Administrative Quality Best Practices during his working years as a process engineer with Hewlett-Packard in Singapore. Born and raised in Yangon, he has lived in 6 countries and exposed to different cultures and knowledgeable in unrelated areas. This includes self-taught programming languages. Currently, he is contributing to Tourism in Myanmar by making his online Burmese lessons freely available and accessible to all.


TONE REFERENCE TABLE
Audio Pronunciation
Ah1 "a" in "art" with silent "rt"
Ah2 "ar" in "Argentina" with silent "r"
Ah3 "ar" in "Artist" with slilent "r"
De1 "de" in "deep" with silent "p"
De2 "de" as in "demote"; "demand"
De3 "dee" as in "deer"; "decent"
Ko1 "colt" with silent "lt"
Ko2 as in "co-author"; "cocaine"
Ko3 "cold" wit silent "ld"
Yu1 "u" in "Youth" with silent "th"
Yu2 "u" as in "university"; "utensil"
Yu3 "u" as in "user"; "Unix"
Shan1 as in "shunt" with silent "t"
Shan2 "shun" as in "chandelier"
Shan3 as in "shun"
Au1 as in "auction"
Au2 as in "Australia";"auditor"
Au3 as in "August"
May1 "maize" with silent "ze"
May2 "may" as in "May I?"
May3 "ay" in "amazing"
Sin1 "sink" with silent "k"
Sin2 "sin" as in "sincerely"
Sin3 "sin" as in "sinful"; "Singapore"
Un1 "aunt" with silent "t"
Un2 "un" in "understanding"; "umbrella"
Un3 "un" as in "under"
Meare1 "melt" with silent "lt"
Meare2 "mel" in "Melbourne" with silent "l"
Meare3 "mare" of "nightmare"
Tain1 "taint" with silent "t"
Tain2 "tain" as in "Captain"
Tain3 "tain" as in "maintain"
Bine1 "Bryant" without "r"
Bine2 as in "carbine"
Bine3 as in "combine"
Dome1 as in "don't"
Dome2 close to "dominate"
Dome3 as in "dome"
Toon1 "doont" in "couldn't"
Toon2 "mon" in "monastery"
Toon3 "oon" as in "cartoon"
Koun1 "count" with silent "t"
Koun2 "coun" in "counter-strike"
Koun3 "coun" as in "counsel"
ate cake, jade, eight, paid, bake
et wet, set, mad, yet
oot cook, put, look
out out, south, mouse, doubt
ike/ite sight, pipe, night, dice, like
ut up, nut, sucks
oat oat, coat, goat, soak
it it, pit, sit
Read this page with Myanmar Script

CLICK (OR TOUCH) TABLE HEADER COLUMNS TO SORT BY ASCENDING OR DESCENDING ORDER OF ENGLISH OR BURMESE.

Countries of the World in Burmese (Sortable)
ENGLISH ↑↓ BURMESE ↑↓
AfghanistanAfghanistan ah2 pfa1 gun1 ni2 sa1 tan2
AlbaniaAlbania eare2 bay3 ni3 ya3
AlgeriaAlgeria eare2 ji3 yi3 ya3
AngolaAngola in2 go2 la2
ArgentinaArgentina ah2 jin2 ti3 na3
AustraliaAustralia au2 sa1 tray3 lya1
AustriaAustria au2 sa1 tri3 ya3
BahamasBahamas ba1 ha3 ma3
BahrainBahrain ba2 yain3
BangladeshBangladesh bin3 ga1 la3 day1(sh)
BelarusBelarus beare2 la2 yu1(s)
BelgiumBelgium beare2 ji2 yun2
BermudaBermuda ba2 mu3 da3
BhutanBhutan bu2 tan2
BoliviaBolivia bo2 li3 bi3 ya3
BosniaBosnia bau1 (s) ni3 ya3
BotswanaBotswana bau1 hswa2 na2
BrazilBrazil ba1 ya2 zi3
BruneiBrunei ba1 yu2 nine3
BulgariaBulgaria bu2 (l) gay3 yi3 ya3
Burkina-FasoBurkina-Faso bu2 ki2 na2 pfa2 hso2
BurundiBurundi bu2 yoon2 di2
CambodiaCambodia kun2 bau3 di3 ya3
CameronCameron kin2 ma1 yoon3
CanadaCanada ka1 nay2 da2
ChadChad cha1 (d)
ChileChile chi2 li2
ChinaChina ta1 yoat pyi2
ColombiaColombia ko2 lun2 bi2 ya2
CongoCongo koon2 go2
Costa-RicaCosta Rica kau1 sa1 ta2 yi2 ka2
CroatiaCroatia kha1 yo2 ay3 sha3
CubaCuba kju3 ba3
CyprusCyprus site pa1 yut
CzehCzeh Republic chet
DenmarkDenmark dain3 mut
DominicanDominican Republic doh2 mi2 ni2 kun2
EcuadorEcuador e2 kway2 dau3
EgyptEgypt e2 jit
El-SalvadorEl Salvador eare2 sa2 bay2 doh2
EstoniaEstonia et sa1 toe3 ni3 ya3
EthiopiaEthiopia e2 thi2 yo3 pi3 ya3
FijiFiji pfi2 ji2
FinlandFinland pfin2 lun2
FranceFrance pyin2 thit
GabonGabon ga2 boon2
GambiaGambia gun2 bi2 ya2
GermanyGermany ja2 ma1 ni2
GhanaGhana ga2 na2
GreeceGreece ga1 yi1
GrenadaGrenada ga1 yin2 na2 da2
GuineaGuinea gi2 ni2
HaitiHaiti hay2 ti2
HondurasHonduras hoon2 du2 yut
Hong-KongHong Kong1 houn2 koun2
HungaryHungary hun2 gay2 yi2
IcelandIceland ike sa1 lun2
IndiaIndia ain2 di1 ya1
IndonesiaIndonesia in2 do2 ni3 sha3
IranIran e2 yan2
IraqIraq e2 yut
IrelandIreland ine2 ya2 lun2
IsraelIsrael it sa1 yay3
ItalyItaly e2 ta1 li2
JamaicaJamaica ja1 may2 ka2
JapanJapan ja1 pan2 pyi2
JordanJordan jau2 dun2
KazakhstanKazakhstan ka2 zit sa1 tan2
KenyaKenya kin2 nya2
KiribatiKiribati ki2 yi2 ba2 ti2
Korea-NorthKorea, North myout ko2 yi3 ya3
Korea-SouthKorea, South toun2 ko2 yi3 ya3
KuwaitKuwait ku2 wate
LaosLaos la2 o2
LatviaLatvia lut bi3 ya3
LebanonLebanon let ba1 noon2
LesothoLesotho li2 hso2 tho2
LiberiaLiberia line2 bay3 yi3 ya3
LibyaLibya lit bya3
LithuaniaLithuania lit thu2 yay3 ni3 ya3
LuxembourgLuxembourg lu2 zin2 but
MacedoniaMacedonia mat hsi doe3 ni3 ya3
MadagascarMadagascar ma2 da2 gut sa1 ka3
MalawiMalawi ma2 la2 wi2
MalaysiaMalaysia ma1 lay3 sha3
MaldivesMaldives mau2(l) dite
MaliMali ma2 li2
MaltaMalta mau2(l) ta2
MauritaniaMauritania mau3 yi2 tay3 ni3 ya3
MauritiusMauritius mau3 yi1 sha1
MexicoMexico met ka1 hsi2 ko2
MonacoMonaco mo2 na2 ko2
MongoliaMongolia moon2 go2 li3 ya3
MoroccoMorocco mau2 yo2 ko2
MyanmarMyanmar myan2 ma2 pyi2
NepalNepal ni2 pau3
NetherlandsNetherlands neare2 tha1 lun2/ hau2 lun2
New-ZealandNew Zealand na1 yu3 zi2 lun2
NicaraguaNicaragua ni2 ka2 ya2 gwa2
NigeriaNigeria nine2 ji3 yi3 ya3
NamibiaNamibia na1 mi3 bi3 ya3
NorwayNorway nau2 way3
OmanOman o2 mun2
PakistanPakistan pa2 kit sa1 tan2
PalestinePalestine pa2 lit sa1 tine3
PanamaPanama pa2 na3 ma3
Papua-New-GuineaPapua New Guinea pa2-pu2-wa2 na1-yu3-gi2-ni2
ParaguayParaguay pe2 ya2 gaway3
PeruPeru pe2 yu3
PhilippinesPhilippines pfi1 lit pine2
PolandPoland po2 lun2
PortugalPortugal pau2 tu2 gi2
Puerto-RicoPuerto Rico pua2 toh2 yi3 ko2
QuatarQatar ka2 ta2
RwandaRwanda ya1 wun2 da2
RomaniaRomania yo2 may3 ni3 ya3
RussiaRussia ya3 sha3
SamoaSamoa hsa1 mo2 ah2
San-MarinoSan Marino hsan2 ma2 yi2 no2
Saudi-ArabiaSaudi Arabia hsau2 di2 ah2 yay2 bya1
SenegalSenegal hsi2 ni2 gau3
SerbiaSerbia hsa3 bi3 ya3
SeychellesSeychelles hsay3 sheare3 (ls)
Sierra-LeoneSierra Leone hsi2 ya2 li2 yoon2
SingaporeSingapore sin2 ga1 pu2
SloveniaSlovenia hsa1 lo2 bay3 ni3 ya3
Solomon-IslandsSolomon Islands hsau2 la1 moon2 kjoon3 zu1
SomaliaSomalia hso2 ma2 li2 ya2
South-AfricaSouth Africa toun2 ah2 pfa1 yi1 ka1
South-SudanSouth Sudan toun2 su2 dun2
SpainSpain sa1 pain2
Sri-LankaSri Lanka thi2 yi1 lin2 ka2
SudanSudan hsu2 dun2
SurinameSuriname hsu2 yi2 nun2
SwazilandSwaziland hswa2 zi2 lun2
SwedenSweden hswe2 din2
SwitzerlandSwitzerland hswit za2 lun2
SyriaSyria hsi3 yi3 ya3
TaiwanTaiwan2 tine2 wun2
TajikistanTajikistan ta2 jit kit sa1 tan2
TanzaniaTanzania tan2 zun3 ni3 ya3
ThailandThailand yo3 da1 ya3 / htine3
TibetTibet3 ti1 bet
Timor-LesteTimor-Leste ti2 mau3
TogoTogo toh2 go2
TongaTonga toon2 ga2
TrinidadTrinidad and Tobago hta1 yi2 ni2 dat toh2 ba2 go2
TunisiaTunisia tu2 ni3 sha3
TurkeyTurkey tu2 ya1 ki2
TuvaluTuvalu tu2 ba2 lu2
TurkmenistanTurkmenistan tah1 min1 nit sa1 tan2
UgandaUganda yu2 gun2 da2
UkraineUkraine yu2 ka1 yain3
UAEUnited Arab Emirates yu2 ay2 e3
United-KingdomUnited Kingdom byi1 tain2 / in2 ga1 lun3
USAUnited States a-may2 yi3 kun2
UruguayUruguay u1 yu1 guay3
VanuatuVanuatu bun2 nau1 tu2
Vatican-CityVatican City ba2 ti2 kun2 myo1-dau2
VenezuelaVenezuela bun2 ni2 zweare3 la3
VietnamVietnam bi2 yet nun2
YemanYeman yi2 min2
ZambiaZambia zan2 bi2 ya2
ZimbabweZimbabwe zin2 ba2 bway2
1Hong Kong, China
2Republic of China
3Tibet, China

Lesson 19: Making new friends in Myanmar

A boarding school or house in Burmese is called bau2-da2 hsoun2 where the first word is the English loaned word "boarder", and hsoun2 means a hostel, dormitory or a hall. Those in the same boarding house become buddies and they call one another bau2-da2. So, the word bau2-da2 has evolved to mean buddy even if you don't go to the same boarding school. You will hear this usage by the younger generation of Burmese people in this short clip.

buddies

A boarding school or house in Burmese is called ဘော်ဒါဆောင် | bau2-da2 hsoun2 where the first word is the English loaned word "boarder", and ဆောင် | hsoun2 means a hostel or a hall. Those in the same boarding house become buddies and they call one another ဘော်ဒါ | bau2-da2. So, the word ဘော်ဒါ | bau2-da2 has evolved to mean buddy even if you don't go to the same boarding school. You will hear this usage by the younger generation of Burmese people in this short clip. ဂူဂူး | Gugu and Star International Dance Group. [40 seconds]

Posted by Naing Tinnyuntpu on Saturday, May 28, 2016
ဂူဂူး | Gugu and Star International Dance Group.

Myanmar's neighboring country Thailand is known as "the land of smiles". Burmese people are not much different when it comes to natural friendliness. Myanmar people are also straight forward and open. Strangers help each others without expecting anything in return. You can address to anyone in the street with the terms such as "young brother", "elder brother", "aunty", "uncle", "big sister", and so on. (Please refer to lesson 4 on how to say "you" in Burmese.)

Making friends in Myanmar

If you are obviously a foreigner from the way you look or dress, people will be curious where you came from. We will start with some likely phrases that they will ask you when you meet new people in Myanmar.

Where are you from?

beare2 ga1 la2 leare3 -- "Where are you from?" (Where + from + come + ?)

ba2 nine2-ngan2-tha3 leare3 -- "What nationality are you?" (What + nationality + ?)

beare2 nine2-ngan2 ga1 la2 leare3 -- "From which nation did you come from?" (Where + nation + from + come + ?)

beare2 tine3-pyi2 ga1 la2 leare3 -- "From which country did you come from?" (Where + country + from + come + ?)

Myanmar Grammar Notes: Burmese question words such as beare2 and ba2 can be either pronoun or adjective depending on how the sentence is constructed. If the question word makes a clear reference to the noun in the sentence, it is an adjective.

Take note that you can use nine2-ngan2 and tine3-pyi2 interchangeably when asking the question: "Where are you from?". When answering that question, the word pyi2, which is the short for tine3-pyi2 (country) is added to a few exceptional countries

xxxx pyi2-- names of exceptional countries
ga1-- from
ba2-- polite tone

ja1-pan2 pyi2 ga1 ba2 -- I am from Japan.
ta1-yoat pyi2 ga1 ba2 -- I am from China.
ka1-la1 byi2 ga1 ba2 -- I am from India.
ba1-ma2 pyi2 (myan2-ma2 pyi2) ga1 ba2 -- I am from Burma (Myanmar).
pyin2-thit pyi2 ga1 ba2 -- I am from France.

Note: Although the word ka1-la1 byi2 is commonly used among Burmese to mean India, the more politically-correct term is just ain2-di1-ya1 without pyi2.

For the rest, just omit Pyi2. For example,

sin2-ga1-pu2 ga1 ba2 -- I am from Singapore.
a-may2-yi3-ka3 ga1 ba2 -- I am from the USA.
ka1-nay2-da2 ga1 ba2 -- I am from Canada.
ja2-ma1-ni2 ga1 ba2 -- I am from Germany.

For a few countries that Burmese have been in touch with for centuries like China, India, France, and Thailand, there are already Burmese words for those countries.

yo3-da1-ya3 ga1 ba2 -- I am from Thailand.

Some of the old words from the past generations are no longer in use, including Bi1-lut derived from the Hindi word wilayat for England, Yau3-ma1 for Rome (Italy), and Khau3-ma1 for Greece. Names of countries in Burmese pronunciations are given in the table on the left column.

Take another note that there is no "you" in the above sentences as it is understood that the conversation is about "you" or "he" or "she" right there at that moment. The speaker could be either directly talking to you, or asking that question about you through the translator.

It appears that some Westerners who translate Burmese into English try so hard to include the word "you" in sentences such as kha1-mya3 (used by male speaker) and shin2 (used by female speaker).

Can you speak xxxx ?

In3-ga1-late -- English
za1-ga3 -- speech; language; word
pyau3 -- to speak, to tell, to say
tut -- able to
tha1-la3 -- ?

In3-ga1-late za1-ga3 pyau3 tut tha1-la3 -- Can you speak English?

The ending particle word tha1-la3 is almost the same as la3. The extra tha1 in Burmese spoken language appears to come from the ending word dthi2 in the written language, which is the affirmation word. So, tha1-la3 probably expects the answer "yes" more than la3.

ba1-ma2 za1-ga3 pyau3 tut la3 -- Can you speak Burmese?

neare3 neare3 -- a little
pyau3 -- to speak, to tell, to say
tut -- able to
deare2 -- affirmation.

neare3 neare3 pyau3 tut deare2 -- Yes, I can speak a little.

What's your name?

It will come to you as a shock, but your name is also not a central importance in the first meeting (unless you are a foreigner) as people can still address to each other as "brother" and "sister", or simply omit it. In the formal business meetings, it's more likely that the third person will introduce your name and the name of the person that you just met, so you will never have to use the phrase "What's your name?" For the Burmese people, it is more likely that people will get to know each others' names through the acquaintance than directly asking "What's your name?"

Here again, some Western translators of Burmese (Myanmar) Language seem to think this question as an important phrase, complete with the use of the word "you". If you must ask the name of the person you just met, just omit the word "you".

nun2-meare2 beare2-lo2 khau2 leare3 -- What's your name?

There is no "you" in the above sentence. Here's the break-down:

nun2-meare2 -- name (noun)
beare2-lo2 -- how (adverb)
khau2 -- call (verb)
leare3 -- ? (particle)

Is it rude to be asking someone's name in the first meeting? No, it's not. You can go ahead and ask if you need it for the next meeting. Since you are a foreigner, you cannot rely on acquaintances, friends and family to know someone new.

Let me give some examples on how Burmese people ask someone's name. I go to a place to pick up a package. I knock on the door. Someone comes out to the door. I say: "I am here to pick up the package."

The person will say something like this:

beare2-thu2-- who
leare3-- ?
ma1-- not
thi1-- know
bu3 -- negative ending

beare2-thu2 leare3 ma1 thi1 bu3 -- Don't know who? Who could that be?

Or, like this:

beare2-thu2 ba2 leare3 -- Your name, please... (who + soften tone + ?)

Another example. If I go to a place or on the phone telling someone I want to speak with so and so. The likely response will be something like this:

beare2-thu2 -- who
lo1 -- particle used in making a report that someone has said "such and such".
pyau3 -- say or tell
yah1 -- can be done; possible; available; to gain something
ma1 leare3 -- ?

beare2-thu2 lo1 pyau3 yah1 ma1 leare3

This question is roughly equivalent to "Who should I tell him is here?" (or) "Who should I tell her is on the line?"

What race are you?

No, this is not a racist remark. This is a common question that Myanmar people will be interested. You can just answer by the country that you come from. If you would like to further clarify it, you can say things like

au2 sa1 tray3 lya3 ga1 ba1-ma2 ba2 -- I am a Burmese from Australia. (Australia + from + Burmese + soft polite tone)

This is also the question that you can ask to people that you meet in Myanmar. The main ethnical groups in Myanmar are Kachin, Kayin, Chin, Shan, Rakhine, Mon, Kayah, and Bamar (Burmese), not counting minor tribes like Wa, Palaung, Lisu, Salone and so on that add up to more than 100 distinct languages and dialects spoken in this country.

In Myanmar, those with Chinese and Indian racial background are also important groups who play a major role in the economy. They add to the rich flavor of multi-racial culture as well as cuisine in this country.

CHA-Party

In Myanmar, those with Chinese and Indian racial background are also important groups who play a major role in the economy. They add to the rich flavor of multi-racial culture as well as cuisine in this country. [24 seconds]

Posted by Naing Tinnyuntpu on Friday, May 13, 2016

Myanmar people also tolerate inter-marriages among different racial, ethnical, and religious background. Myanmar has taken Nationwide census tha1-goun2 sa1-yin3 (meaning "midnight list") from March 30 to April 10 in 2014 with the help of international aids and expertise after it was last taken in 1983. Here are two websites for reference:

http://www.dop.gov.mm
http://myanmar.unfpa.org/census

Myanmar Census 2014

What's in a name?

There has been a lot of controversies and debates as to whether to use the word Burma or Myanmar for this country. Burma is the name known by the western world for several decades because that's how the British called this land as they colonized it for more than a hundred years. Some don't accept the change of the name of the country to Myanmar by the previous military government that they despise. Some argue that the name Myanmar is more representative and inclusive of the ethnic groups, while Burma represents only the main racial group known as "Bamar" who speaks Burmese. Does it really matter? A rose by any other name is still a rose.

Where do you live?

You can ask the local people you meet this question:

beare2 hma2 nay2 leare3 -- Where do you live? (where + at + live + ?)

Where do you stay?

He or she may in turn ask you this:

beare2 hma2 teare3 leare3 -- Where do you stay? (where + at + temporary visit + ?)

The word teare3 is used for a place where you temporary stay in your visit.

a-myo3 ain2 hma2 ba2 -- At my relative's house. (relative + house + at + polite tone)

a-thi1 ain2 hma2 ba2 -- At my acquaintance's house. (acquaintance + house + at + polite tone)

tha1-ngeare2-jin3 ain2 hma2 ba2 -- At my friend's house. (friend + house + at + polite tone)

Thazin Garden Hotel hma2 ba2 -- I am staying at Thazin Garden Hotel. (Thazin Garden Hotel + at + polite tone )

Inviting someone for a drink

It might be a good idea to invite your new Burmese friend something to eat, or go for a drink where you can have a small talk.

ta1-khu1-khu1 thwa3 sa3 yah1 oun2 -- Let's go eat something. (something + go + eat + can be done + suggestion)

ta1-khu1-khu1 thwa3 thout yah1 oun2 -- Let's go drink something. (something + go + drink + can be done + suggestion)

beare2 hsine2 koun3 leare3 -- Which shop do you recommend? ( which + shop + good + ?)

ni3 la3 -- Is it nearby? (to be near [verb] + ?)

way3 la3 -- Is it far? (to be far [verb] + ?)

Myanmar Grammar Notes: English speakers might expect the word "near" to be an adjective. In the above Myanmar sentence, it is used as a verb. To use this word as an adjective, suffix particle must be used.

ni3 dthau3 hsine2 [literary]
ni3 deare1 hsine2 [colloquial]

means shop that is near.

ni3 -- be near (verb) +
deare1 -- that which is (particle)

is equivalent to

ni3 deare1 -- near (adjective)

ni3 deare1 hsine2 shi1 la3 -- Is there a shop nearby?

If you are already in the restaurant or in an eating place, or can see one nearby, drop thwa3 (to go) from the phrase.

ta1-khu1-khu1 sa3 yah1 oun2 -- Let's eat something. (something + eat + can be done + suggestion)

ta1-khu1-khu1 thout yah1 oun2 -- Let's drink something. (something + drink + can be done + suggestion)

ba2 sa3 ma1 leare3 -- What do you want to eat? (what + eat + choice word + ?)

ba2 thout ma1 leare3 -- What do you want to drink? (what + drink + choice word + ?)

You can say the same thing to more than one person. Just add the plural word ja1

ba2 sa3 ja1 ma1 leare3 -- What do you guys want to eat? (what + eat + plural + choice word + ?)

ba2 thout ja1 ma1 leare3 -- What do you guys want to drink? (what + drink + plural + choice word + ?)

ta1-khu1-khu1 sa3 ja1 yah1 oun2 -- Let's eat something. (something + eat + plural + can be done + suggestion)

ta1-khu1-khu1 thout ja1 yah1 oun2 -- Let's drink something. (something + drink + plural + can be done + suggestion)

bite hsa2 deare2 -- I am hungry! (stomach + to be hungry + affirmative ending)

hta1-min3 hsa2 deare2 -- I am hungry! (rice + to be hungry + affirmative ending)

yay2 ngut deare2 -- I am thirsty! (water + to be thirsty + affirmative ending)

Small friendly talks over the lunch

I have already covered how to order food or drink in Lesson 15. As you sit down around the restaurant table waiting for the food to come, you can make small talks with your new Burmese acquaintance. It's a good idea to ask his or her name now if you haven't done so already, because we will include the name in some of the phrases. Although Burmese sentences can be formed without the word "you" or names as mentioned above, including the name of the person in the conversation of personal nature put more warmth to it.

What's your religion?

xxxx boat-da1-ba2-tha2 la3 -- XXXX, are you a Buddhist? (Name + Buddhist + ?)

xxxx kha1-rit-yan2 la3 -- XXXX, are you a Christian? (Name + Christian + ?)

xxxx mu2-sa1-lin2 la3 -- XXXX, are you a Muslim? (Name + Muslim + ?)

Here, you should address yourself as kja1-nau2 for "I" if you are a man and kja1-ma1 if you are a lady as discussed in Lesson 4.

If the person is the same religion as you are, you can say,

kja1-nau2 leare3 boat-da1-ba2-tha2 lay2 -- I am also a Buddhist! (I[male] + also + Buddhist + exactly!)

Or else, you can say,

kja1-ma1 ga1-dau1 kha1-rit-yan2 ba2 -- As for me, I am a Christian. (I[female] + "as for xxxx" + Christian + polite ending word)

To that question, I usually answer like this:

kja1-nau2 -- I (male)
ga1-dau1 -- as for
ba2-leare3 -- what
ma1 thi1 -- don't know ( not + to know )
ba2 bu3 -- negative polite ending

kja1-nau2 ga1-dau1 ba2-leare3 ma1 thi1 ba2 bu3 -- As for me, I don't know what.

That's probably a better response if your religion is different, or if you are a free thinker. However, if you are really religious, and your religion prohibits you to do or eat certain things, it's best to come up with a straight answer.

Are you married?

xxxx ain2-htoun2 shi1 byi2 la3 -- XXXX, are you married? (Name + marriage + exist/have/available + already + ?)

If he or she asks you first, you can say,

shi1 deare2 -- Yes. (exist/present/have/available + affirmation)

ma1 shi1 thay3 bu3 -- No, not yet. (negative + exist/present/have/available + not yet + negative ending)

The follow-up phrases could be...

xxxx gau3 ain2-htoun2 shi1 byi2 la3 -- What about you, XXXX ? Are you married?" (Name + also + marriage + exist/have/available + already + ?)

au2.. koun3 deare2 -- Oh, good! (Oh, good + affirmation)

kha1-lay3 -- baby, child
beare2 hna1-yout -- how many (how many + measure word for people)
shi1 -- exist/have/available
byi2 leare3 -- has reach what level, number, or state?

kha1-lay3 beare2 hna1-yout shi1 byi2 leare3 -- How many children do you have?

kha1-lay3 dway2 -- children; kids
kji3 -- big; grown up
byi2 la3 -- has reached certain condition or state or not?

kha1-lay3 dway2 kji3 byi2 la3 -- Have the kids grown up already?

Review the word "byi2-la3"

The question word byi2 la3 has been explained in lesson2.

shin3-pya1-pyi3 byi2 hote la3 -- Explained already? Is that right? (to explain + to finish + "done" + yes + ?)

hote deare2 -- Yes (yes + affirmation)

shin3-pya1-pyi3 byi2 -- explained it already! (to explain + to finish + ending word to indicate "done")

hote deare2, shin3-pya1-pyi3 byi2 -- Yes, I have explained it already.

We will continue our small talks when we visit a Burmese family. As for now

kja1-nau1 -- me; my (male)
go2 -- to; postpositional marker that makes kja1-nau1 object
khwin1-pyu1 -- be excused
ba2 ome3-- polite suggestion

Kja1-nau1 go2 khwin1-pyu1 ba2 ome3 -- If you'd excuse me, please...